June 22, 2024
Bone Tumor Ablation Devices

Bone Tumor Ablation Devices: The Modern Tools for Treating Cancer in Bones Industry Globally

Bone tumor ablation is a minimally invasive surgical technique used to destroy cancerous bone tumors. During this procedure, an image-guided device, known as a bone tumor ablation device, is used to deliver extreme heat, cold or other energy directly into the tumor. This enables doctors to effectively destroy the cancer cells while sparing the surrounding healthy bone and tissues from extensive damage.

Types of Bone Tumor Ablation Devices

Radiofrequency Bone Tumor Ablation Devices

Radiofrequency ablation devices utilize alternating electric currents to generate heat, which is used to ablate the bone tumor. The most common type of RFA device approved for Bone Tumor Ablation Devices consists of a small probe or needle electrode that can be precisely positioned within the tumor under image guidance like CT or ultrasound. Once inserted, an alternating electric current is passed through the tip of the probe to generate temperatures of 60-100°C, resulting in almost immediate coagulation necrosis of the tumor tissue. The procedure is minimally invasive and offers advantages over traditional surgery like less bleeding, scarring and recovery time.

Microwave Ablation Devices

Microwave ablation systems work on a similar principle as RFA but generate heat at a much faster rate using microwave electromagnetic energy instead of radiofrequency currents. The microwave emitting antenna of these devices are inserted percutaneously under imaging guidance. Microwaves agitate the water molecules in the target tissue rapidly, producing temperatures high enough to desiccate and destroy the tumor in a short time period. This makes microwave ablation highly effective for treating both small and large bone tumors with minimal collateral damage to surrounding structures.

Cryoablation Devices

Cryoablation units function by delivering intense freezing cold, usually in the range of -40°C to -80°C, directly to the targeted tumor site using cryoprobes or needles. The rapid freezing causes cellular damage mainly through two mechanisms – intracellular ice formation during freezing and vasoconstriction during thawing. This leads to destruction of the tumor cells through coagulative necrosis. Cryoablation preserves the structural integrity of ablated tissues and thus, is well-suited for treating tumors located near critical neurological or vascular structures. Modernunits allow precise placement of multiple cryoprobes under imaging guidance and monitoring of iceball formation for effective ablation.

Bone Tumor Ablation Procedure

Patient Preparation and Planning

Prior to the actual procedure, imaging scans like CT/MRI of the affected area are obtained to determine the exact size, location and extent of the bone tumor. This information is used to carefully plan the procedure and decide on the appropriate ablation approach and device. For image-guided techniques, specialized software may be used to three-dimensionally map the tumor and strategize optimal probe placement positions.

Anesthesia and Placement

On the day of treatment, the patient is administered local anesthesia, conscious sedation or general anesthesia based on tumor location and size. Under continuous imaging guidance, the ablation device probe or needles are then precisely inserted through small incisions directly into the tumor. Multiple probes or clusters may be placed simultaneously as required.

Ablation and Monitoring

For techniques using heat energy like RFA and microwave, the probes are activated to deliver controlled bursts of energy to gradually raise temperatures within the tumor boundaries and create continuous zones of ablation. For cryoablation, intensive freezing and active thawing cycles are performed. Real-time imaging helps monitor iceball or thermal damage formation to ensure complete tumor coverage.

Probe Removal and Recovery

Once satisfactory ablation is confirmed on imaging, the probes are slowly removed. Post-procedure CT or MR images are obtained to evaluate treatment margins. Patients are kept under observation for any procedure-related complications before being discharged home after a few hours once deemed stable for recovery. Follow-up scans help monitor treatment response over time.

Efficacy and Advantages of Bone Tumor Ablation

Studies have shown bone tumor ablation to be as effective as surgical resection for certain carefully selected tumor types and locations. It offers clear advantages for patients –

– Minimally invasive – Small incisions, no extensive surgery or bone removal required. Less post-op pain and faster recovery.

-Ambulatory procedure – Often done on an outpatient basis under light anesthesia without need for hospitalization.

– Preserves bone stock and integrity – Important for functional and weight-bearing areas like vertebrae and long bones.

– Repeatable treatment – Can be performed multiple times if local recurrence occurs without hindering future options.

– Lower morbidity and mortality – Minimal risks of infection, bleeding and complications compared to major surgery.

– Cost-effectiveness – Shorter hospital stay results in reduced medical costs for payers and patients alike.

– Precision tumor targeting – Image guidance allows accurate placement of probes/antennas directly within tumor margins for maximum effect.

– Applicable in difficult locations – Safely treats tumors near critical structures not amenable to resection

Advancements in image-guided ablation devices have revolutionized bone cancer treatment, providing a minimally disruptive yet highly effective alternative to conventional surgery for carefully selected patients.

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1. Source: Coherent Market Insights, Public Source, Desk Research
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